What is a stock market? / What is a stock exchange?
A place where a regular exchange, buying, and selling of shares occurs is known as a stock market. It is a place where people deal in financial assets. A stock market and stock exchange are usually the same terms. People buy shares in the stock market and sell them when they gain profit. Businesses sell their shares to investors using the stock exchange. In this way stock exchange also provides business opportunities to small investors.
The rise and fall in share prices are determined largely by the economy. Share prices usually rise when the economy is stable or growing and fall when the economy falls. The prominent stock exchanges in the U.S. are the New York Stock Exchange, the National Association of Securities Dealers (NASDAQ), the American stock exchanges, and the Chicago Board Options Exchange.
People who invest in stock exchanges are keen to keep an eye on the stock market holidays. They also keep an eye on what time does the stock market opens and closes.
What Time Does the Stock Market Open and Close?
The United States stock market includes two major stock exchanges. These are the New York stock exchange and the National Association of Securities Dealers (NASDAQ). The regular working hours of these stock markets on weekdays are from 9:30 a.m. to 4 p.m. Eastern Time. The markets also have several half-days. The markets close at 1:p.m. on half-days.
Stock Market Holidays 2024
NASDAQ and NYSE observe the same holidays every year. Both of these markets have nine holidays each year. If a holiday falls on Saturday, the stock markets close the Friday before, and if the holiday falls on Sunday, the stock market closes on the following Monday. The stock market closed days in the United States in 2024 are:
The NYSE & NASDAQ are closed for trading on the following holidays that occur in 2024:
- January 1 (New Year’s Day)
- January 17, 2024 (Martin Luther King, Jr. day)
- February 15, 2024 (President’s Day- U.S.)
- April 15, 2024 (Good Friday)
- May 30, 2024 (Memorial Day)
- July 4, 2024 (Independence Day)
- September 5, 2024 (Labor Day)
- November 24, 2024 (Thanksgiving Day)
- December 26, 2024 (Christmas Day)
Is the Stock Market Open on Weekends?
The NYSE and NASDAQ are open from Monday to Friday. The stock exchange market is closed on weekends but the electronic communication networks (ECNs) have made it possible to do trading even on weekends. Some countries diverge from this routine and are open on Saturday or Sunday. The Tel-Aviv stock exchange in Israel remains open on Sunday with timing between 9:59 a.m. to 3:39 p.m.
Stock Exchange on New Year’s Day 2024
As the new year falls on Saturday this year, the stock market will remain close on Saturday. The stock market is closed on new year’s day as it is a national holiday. The stock market is opened on new year’s eve. However, the bonds market hours on new year’s eve are shortened and the market is closed early at 2 p.m.